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Wednesday, December 6, 2023

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Wednesday, December 6, 2023

Cancer Awareness

By The Editor

Since last few decades an increasing number of people are suffering from diseases of the affluent like diabetes, cardio-vascular complaints, chronic respiratory disorders and cancers mostly due to lifestyle and the types of work which are largely confined indoors. In earlier days people used to commute to office or factories and back home usually on foot and so were healthy. Nowadays situation has changed a lot and walking has been abandoned by many with the availability of modern transport facilities that make life easier and comfortable. Lack of physical exercise makes people lethargic and obese which gradually makes them unhealthy and sick. Diseases generally do not come all of a sudden but before they attack persons there is a warning in the form of symptoms which are usually ignored. It is, therefore, very important to be conscious of one’s health and take necessary precautions right from the beginning itself without delay. Wise people say, “ Forewarned is forearmed .” At the same time the fear factor creates unnecessary panic and one should try to be cool and positive in thinking. Workshops, seminars and symposia conducted and dissemination of information by health experts are crucial.

Assam will soon have single largest research centre which will be set up in Guwahati, Kamrup district and for which land has already been earmarked. The centre has been named South Asia Cancer Research Centre which is likely to be the single largest cancer research facility in South Asian region. Workshop was recently held under department of medical education and research to create awareness in which experts from various parts of the country took part among whom was Dr D. Nori an internationally acclaimed expert who had closely worked with Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, USA (United States of America), a top cancer research institution. Dr Siddharth Singh, Assam’s health commissioner, informed that there would be a series of consultative discussions which would prove useful to the region and its inhabitants. It would be one of topmost research centres with an attached paediatric oncology hospital for child related cancer treatment. The centre will also have a paediatric cardiology wing equipped with high-class infrastructure for paediatric cardiology and cardiac surgery. At present there are 17 cancer treatment centres in Assam which will be receiving much benefits.

Red meat and processed meat have been linked to increased risk of colorectal cancer. World Health Organization (WHO) defines processed meat as , “ Meat that has been transformed through salting, curing, fermentation, smoking , or other processes to enhance flavour or improve preservation.” Persons consuming lot of alcoholic drinks are victims of cancer because alcohol damages DNA in stem cells according to cancer research. High air pollution causes mouth cancer and so it is advisable to wear mask when going out. Smoking and those addicted to paan and betel nut are vulnerable to cancer of the mouth and esophagus. Most common signs of cancer are fatigue or feeling extremely tired, moles growing bigger with time, lumps appearing in breasts or anywhere in the body, persistent coughing lasting more than three weeks, unexplained bleeding like blood appearing in urine or between periods or in vomit or from the bottom, bowel changes lasting for more than a few weeks and unexplained weight loss during two months. Doctors caution not to sleep immediately or at least one hour after dinner.

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